Đề luyện thi Cao Đẳng - Đại Học - Đề số 28
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ĐỀ LUYỆN THI CAO ĐẲNG - ĐẠI HỌC - ĐỀ SỐ 28
I. Find the word that has its underlined part pronounced differently from the other three in each question.
ush ush ush ush
thunder threaten through themselves
eason easure eavour easure
ace ace ace ace
II. Find the word with the stress pattern different from that of the other three words in each question.
III. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
Hardly had the train left the station, than there was an explosion.
As I drove south, I could see that the old road was rebuilding.
I felt rather worried. It was growing darker and colder, and there was already no sign of the rescue helicopter.
You will hear from us when we have finished to deal with your complaint.
In generally, this year has been rather successful in terms of our income.
The man, of whom the red car is parked in front of our house, is a prominent physician in this town.
Such devastating were the floods that some areas may never recover.
Bolivia is a landlocked country with a mountainous topography, and so does Switzerland.
IV. From the four words of phrases (A, B, C, or D), choose the one that best completes the sentence.
“Wasn’t sacking Mary rather harsh on his part?”
“Not really; he ___ her several times in the past.”
After five years in prison, Hathaway was finally___.
Young school children are more likely to be influenced by pressure from their ___ than from their families.
One ___ that has been taken is to encourage young people to work with other young people in the battle against crime.
He___ a sentence of 27 years before it was discovered that he was innocent.
The thief’s girlfriend was ___ with helping him.
“Where’s Jonathan?” – “He ___ to the travel agent’s.”
The children were ___ to clear up the mess they had left before they could watch TV.
We are doing so well that we’ll soon have to ___ on new staff to help us.
Many women prefer to keep their ___ names when they get married.
The storm was terrifying, with the ___ howling around the house.
I love living in the city centre while I’m young, but when I finally ___ down, I think I’ll move somewhere quieter.
He leaves work early to ___ his daughter up from school.
“John really ought to lose some weight.” – “You’re right; he ___ very heavily during the walk yesterday.”
My plans to travel around the world have ___ through because I couldn’t save enough money.
While you’re planning, you must take into ___ how many people you are expecting.
I suggest you ___ up a list of things to be done.
The police have started to train members of the community in basic crime ___.
“I’m getting my work permit next week.”
“It’s about time. You ___ here for two months by then.”
To our surprise the burglar came and ___ for what he had done.
Sarah is honest and hard-working but she tends ___ a little stubborn at times.
The old lady ___ on going to curt to give evidence.
If you continue to ___ lies, people will never believe anything you say.
“How do you like your sushi?”. – “Well, it’s really different. It’s the first time I ___ Japanese food.”
Kate ___ Tim that he had an appointment after lunch.
Police are trying to ___ the stolen goods.
We certainly didn’t expect that so many people would turn ___ to see the match.
And what shall we do if the meeting ends after ten? I’d rather you ___ alone through the park at night.
Do you really expect him ___ treated in this way?
From my children’s point of view, our new home was clearly a change ___ better.
The way he behaved at the party is ___ as far as I’m concerned.
If you had told me you liked modern art, I ___ given you our invitations to the opening of his exhibition.
She’s got ___ lovely thick shiny black hair.
___ you already have some knowledge of rhythmic gymnastics, you’ll need to find a trainer.
The woman next to me marred my ___ of the performance by coughing and snuffling throughout the second act.
The waiter hovered ___ all the time they were eating their meal.
They’re erecting a statue in the town square to ___ the wonderful work done by volunteers during the floods.
The five Olympic rings are a ___ of the five continents.
V. Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each space.
For all the talk of what humankind has done to cause (55) ___ to the planet, we should not forget that nature itself is a (56) ___ force, capable on a huge scale. The greenhouse (57) ___ and the (58) ___ in the ozone layer are indeed made worse by the (59) ___ society we live in. However, we must remember that there are certain (60) ___ of plant and animal which, quite naturally, (61) ___ off gases that are very harmful to the atmosphere. And only fifty years ago in London, hundreds of people died from the (62) ___ which hung over the River Thames. What is interesting here is that, yes, smoke and gases from industry, vehicles and fossil (63) ___ were ingredients in this deadly mixture. The other vital ingredient, though, was the completely natural fog, and who would have thought that could be (64) ___?
In the early days of the industrial revolution, poets, painters and philosophers described how the polluted (65) ___ skies made them think of the end of the world. Well, towards the end of 19th century the volcanic eruption of Krakatoa nearly made it happen. Thousands of (66) ___ of dust and ash were thrown into the air and, for years afterwards, there were red sunsets caused by the light filtering through this natural pollution. Remembering scientists’ pet theory about the dinosaurs (67) ___ out because of a huge volcanic eruption, we were lucky that humankind (68) ___ this time.
So next time you look out from your garden or balcony and see a beautiful red sunset, think of the possibilities. It could be the result of our activities poisoning the air we breathe, or it might just be (69) ___ turning on the radio to check there haven’t been any major eruptions lately!
VI. Read the passages and the questions or unfinished sentences. Then choose the answer – A, B, C, or D – that you think fits best.
On New Year’s Eve a few years ago, I decided to go skiing for the first time, with two friends. They are the complete opposite of me in that they’re really brave and fearless – they’ve been skiing and diving all their lives, whereas I’m a bit of a coward. Surprisingly, however, I enjoyed it very much and the second time we went I felt much more confident and decided to move away from skiing on the nursery slopes. I was doing really well and skiing down quite a steep slope when I heard one of my friends say, “Wow, Josie, you’re moving fast!” I thought “Yes, I am, aren’t I – but how do I stop?” Suddenly all my confidence left me and I fell very badly. I didn’t break anything but I twisted my knee. The rest of the holiday was spent sitting on top of the mountain, looking after everybody’s bags and coats.
If I’m honest, I prefer going somewhere hot and sunny for a holiday. I love going to Thailand, for example, and staying in one of the beautiful resorts on the coats. The people are extremely friendly and in one hotel we stayed at we got to know the chef quite well and he would take us round the market with him. And one of the waiters took us to visit his uncle who owns a coconut farm. It’s only in ways like this that you begin to get a feel for the country and its people, as these kinds of opportunities are not available for the average tourist.
I’m not a rough-it kind of person: I did enough of that when I was younger. The trouble with me is that I have a genuine problem with mosquitoes – they absolutely adore me! If I get bitten, the bites turn into mini-balloons all over my body. Once when we were travelling by jeep during the monsoon season, the rain was so heavy that we stopped in a village. A young Thai boy noticed this huge bite on my arm, which was going a funny colour, and looked as if it might be infected. He picked some leaves off a tree and made a mixture of them using some salt and a little alcohol and then rubbed the mixture into my arm. You could see the infection disappear: it was amazing, it was like letting the air out of a balloon.
Generally, after I’ve finished a run of performances in a play, I feel exhausted. Pleasantly exhausted, but not too weary to escape! All I want to do is finding a hotel with a fantastic view, a beach, a good book and a mosquito net. My needs are very simple, really, and I just want the opportunity to refresh myself. Sometimes I might consider a holiday in a completely different environment, like visiting a friend in a country cottage or staying in a small bed and breakfast place and walking in the surrounding hills. It’s good for my soul.
How did Josie feel about going away with her friends for the first time?
What does “it” in paragraph 1 refer to?
How was Josie’s confidence destroyed?
What does “to get a feel for” in paragraph 2 mean?
What personal problem does Josie mention?
What effect did the mixture have on Josie’s arm?
How does Josie feel when a play finishes?
What does Josie mainly want from a holiday?
The official language of the Czech Republic is Czech, a highly complex western Slavic tongue. Any attempt from foreigners to speak Czech will be heartily appreciated, so do not be discouraged if people fail to understand you, as most will be accustomed to hearing foreigners stumble through their language. If you don’t know any Czech, brush up on your German, since, among the older generation at least, it is still the most widely spoken second language. Russian, once the compulsory second language, has been practically wiped off the school curriculum, and the number of English speakers has been steadily increasing, especially among the younger generation.
It is clear from the passage that ___.
The author informs us that ___.
This passage would most likely appear in ___.