Đề luyện thi Cao Đẳng - Đại Học - Đề số 31
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ĐỀ LUYỆN THI CAO ĐẲNG - ĐẠI HỌC - ĐỀ SỐ 31
I. Find the word that has its underlined part pronounced differently from the other three in each question.
opsticks ork oderate ossible
geon gent gage gine
idiot ideal idol identical
eat ead ead eat
II. Find the word with the stress pattern different from that of the other three words in each question.
III. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
The Department of Transport have set a deadline of 1 June for completing of the new motorway.
Items of luggage whose weight exceed 50 kilograms will not be allowed on the ferry.
The trains in Switzerland are so punctual you can set your watch by it.
Mr. Johnson was pleased to find out that his son was making progresses in his studies . -Yes, he was really glad to hear that.
The ship was shaken in the stormy waves and many people got sick.
The unemployment rate has increased considerably since last year. Another two millions are jobless.
In this hospital they have the best staff and equipments in the whole province. It’s really high standard.
Heathrow is a very busy airport. You always see aeroplanes landing and take off.
IV. From the four words or phrases (A, B, C, or D), choose the one that best completes the sentence.
The report issued by the National Health Council draws attention to the hazards of ___ to X rays.
Many of the critics clearly regarded several of the paintings on ___ as of poor quality.
The report on the accident was found to be a ___ of lies.
“How’s the new town planning project going?”
“Oh, there’s still a lot ___.”
Did you read ___ news about the volcanic eruption in the Pacific?
The police officer, ___ the thief, was pushing him into a police vehicle to be taken to the station.
We just decided to have the party on the ___of the moment.
That actor seems ___ on making as much money as he can.
___ to his feet in a rage, he shouted that he would never resign.
If that door won’t open, you’ll have to ___ to force.
“Hi Nick. I break bad news. Natalie and James broke up again.”
“I know, but it is James ___ is to blame this time, not Natalie.”
Successful blockbuster movies have bought a ___ of hope to the declining film industry.
He tried to take___ of her kindness and hospitality.
I didn’t get a ___ of sleep after watching that horror film last night.
“How did his speech go?”
“With all the noise outside, he couldn’t ___ himself heard.”
How many shares in that company do you currently ___?
He’s a very distinguished writer in the ___ of ancient history.
The ___ of the homeless in the cities needs to be addressed.
Let’s have a break – we’ve done enough for the time ___.
The word “friendship” can be ___applied to a wide variety of relationships.
“Why are the Newtons asking for loan repayment modifications?”
“Because their house___ in the flood.”
Some children are encouraged by their parents to become ___ achievers.
There should be no problems with the neighbours as long as nobody___.
It can be difficult for parents to ___ control over unruly children.
I really had to ___ my brains to remember the answers to the quiz questions.
The report suggested ___ up links with local companies.
The first manned space flight was a major scientific___ and fascinated the whole world.
Parental influence tends to ___ as children get older.
She was anxious ___ for the post of the Personal Assistant to the Director in the recently affiliated Jacobs Sussard Company.
As my secretary will be away for a couple of days, would you be kind enough to ___ my correspondence?
I have looked through the report, but I must admit, only___.
It never ___ his mind that he would be found out.
The teacher read a story to the class to ___ time until the end of the lesson.
Your luggage looks heavy. Wait here and I ___ my car to drive you home.
Human thought ___ are more complex than those of animals.
The offer of a place at university is not to be ___ at.
In an effort to ___ the rate of inflation many banks have raised their interest rates.
I know how much you dislike him, but when you meet him you should behave as if you___ to your best friend.
The high rate of inflation obviously puts a great strain ___ the majority of working families.
“Did you hear anything about last month’s Bardays’ robbery?”
“Yes eventually the robbers ___ given a ten-year sentence.”
V. Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each space.
History is full of inventions that looked good at the time, but which nobody wanted to buy. New ideas may fail for one of (57) ___ reasons. Firstly, there are those which do not (58) ___ work very well when put to the test. Then, there are the ideas which are good in themselves, but which do not fulfill a real (59) ___. In other words people can (60) ___ without them, so do not buy them. A third group are those which (61) ___ to be too expensive to manufacture. But none of these reasons (62) ___ why, in the 1990s, no new technology was (63) ___in replacing the compact disc as the means of packaging recorded music.
The 1990s was a period of rapid technological change, particularly in the area of electronic (64)___ for the home. (65) ___ this time, a number of alternative technologies were invented that could have replaced the CD, but none of them (66) ___ on. The new ideas worked, were not (67) ___ to make and would have provided consumers with (68) ___ quality recordings. Despite all this, few people bought them. And this can only be explained by the (69) ___ that people who had invested in CD players and discs of their favourite music did not think the improvement in quality on (70) ___ was great enough to make it (71) ___ the effort and expense of changing.
VI. Read the passages and the questions or unfinished sentences. Then choose the answer – A, B, C, or D- that you think fits best.
HONEY – FOOD OR MEDICINE?
What do we know about honey? It’s sweet and sticky, it tastes great on bread and in hot drinks, and it’s a pleasant alternative to sugar. However, there’s a lot more to honey than meets the eye and one day it may replace many of the items in our medicine cabinet.
Doctors throughout history have appreciated the medicinal properties of honey. In Ancient Egypt it was used to treat cuts and burns. The Ancient Romans used it to help people with sleeping disorders and the Ancient Greeks used it to cure skin diseases, ulcers and sores. More recently, German doctors mixed it with cod liver oil to treat battle wounds during WWI, and opera singers have been known to use it to boost their energy and soothe their throats.
Today, as homeopathic medicine is becoming more popular, honey has been rediscovered as a natural remedy and is being used successfully to treat many ailments such as anaemia, arthritis, colds and stomach ulcers. It is particularly effective in the treatment of burns and wounds. Honey aerosol sprays have even been used to treat chronic bronchitis.
The beauty industry has also recognised the natural benefits of honey and there are many cosmetic companies which use honey based products. These include creams, lotions, soaps and face masks which claim to help heal blemishes, reduce the appearance of scars, moisturise the skin, soften wrinkles and make skin look younger and healthier. There are also a number of honey based hair care products which claim to strengthen hair and make it softer, shinier and healthier.
Honey and products containing honey, have always been popular items in health food shops. It is sold in various forms as a remedy for sore throats, stomach ulcers and as a gentle, natural laxative.
What is it then that makes honey such an effective natural remedy? Well, after many years of research, biochemists still can’t say for certain. They have, however, managed to identify some of the healing properties in honey. Firstly, honey contains low levels of hydrogen peroxide, a chemical which kills bacteria. Secondly, it creates a moist environment when spread onto a wound which speeds up the natural healing process. Scientists have also found that certain types of honey act as antibiotics. Infect, honey is actually more effective than some of our current antibiotics because it works on certain microbes and bacteria that have developed a resistance to current antibiotic treatment. However, researchers have also found some types of honey are more beneficial than others. For example, honey containing nectar from the Australian Jelly bush and the New Zealand Tea Tree plant have been found to possess more medicinal properties than any other varieties.
Medical researchers are still working on identifying the role that honey could play in traditional medical practice, but they all agree that we should not be using the honey in our kitchen cupboards to treat ourselves. This is because many commercial brands actually contain bacteria which could contaminate an open wound. They also agree, unfortunately, that simply eating honey has minimal health benefits.
Honey was used to treat battle wounds by ___.
Honey is used today as a natural remedy by___.
Honey based beauty products___.
Researchers are not sure ___.
Nectar from the New Zealand Tea Tree plant ___.
Commercial brands of honey ___.
In the year 1920, the United States attempted a bold experiment: making the drinking of alcohol a crime. Many people, who felt that alcohol was the root of all evil, thought that this would bring about a new and happier age. There would be no more need for prisons, they felt, and slums would disappear. However, in the end, new prisons had to be built for all the new criminals created by the new law. “Prohibition”, as the law was called, destroyed respect for the law and led to an increase in organised crime, but it did not stop people from drinking. On the contrary, drinking increased during the Prohibition period. In the end, the law had to be reversed.
The author of the passage states that ___.
It is clear from the passage that ___.
When the law was introduced, ___.