Đề luyện thi Cao Đẳng - Đại Học - Đề số 32
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ĐỀ LUYỆN THI CAO ĐẲNG - ĐẠI HỌC - ĐỀ SỐ 32
I. Find the word that has its underlined part pronounced differently from the other three in each question.
eigh eight eight ein
h gh gh gh
ow ow ower ow
ace ace ace ace
II. Find the word with the stress pattern different from that of the other three words in each question.
III. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
The President often contradicts himself. He often says something which doesn’t agree with what he says earlier.
There has been a slight increase in production – about 0.15%. That’s not many but something is better than nothing.
Shops often reduce price so that to encourage customers to buy their goods.
She is an efficient employee. She does twice as more work as other people do.
This text is completely incomprehensible for me. I just can’t make out what is the point.
She is so shy. Whenever you pay her a compliment, she blushed.
Our initial assumption that we would find no civilisation on that island were wrong. If we had assumed there was a civilisation, we would have been right.
His commercial activity, that is – trading in cars – have already bought him a fortune.
IV. From the four words or phrases (A, B, C, or D), choose the one that best completes the sentence.
“What do you think of Uberto Eco’s novel The Name of the Rose?”
“Well, it ___ widely regarded as his best, but to tell you the truth I’m not crazy about it.”
During the hot summer, sales of bottle water went ___ the roof.
The candle ___ in the draft and then went out
There was a mighty ___ as the mirror fell to the floor.
It suddenly ___ on me that he was cheating.
I’d rather you ___ say anything to John about this conversation.
Did you ___ any New Year’s resolutions this year?
Although there is no formal agreement, the company has an ___ code of behaviour.
Magazines promote the virtues of eating a ___ diet.
The new technology ___ incredible, high-fidelity sound.
The product has been constructed with great ___ to detail.
“What lie did Liz tell you this time?”
“She claimed ___ before she was two.”
Can you imagine ___ in another country?
Living in Singapore has had great influence ___ her work.
Our team ___ first in the local schools’ championship.
He’s made enough money to take ___ retirement.
Everyone was shocked ___ his violent reaction to the news.
If you don’t ___ to the rules, you will be asked to leave.
What’s that tune you’re ___?
Advertising companies are ___ to very strict regulations.
Children often ___ their parents for sweets and ice cream.
If you leave the letters ___ on my desk, I will put them away first thing tomorrow morning.
Marketing managers feel that children are able to ___ advertisements.
To be successful, a business must make sure that it has effective ___ of its products.
The new model succeeded because it filled a ___ in the market.
I had my doubts about her when I took her on, but now I’m pleased to say that she has___ to be a talented executive.
“How was your dinner?”
“A great success! Our guests ate the appetizers, the two main courses and the dessert. There was literally nothing ___.”
___ failing, the new car was an enormous success.
“What was Bob yelling about?”
“He warned ___ touch that wire.”
They congratulated us ___ the birth of our twin daughters.
There are so many ___ names now that it is impossible to remember them all.
The choice of ___can make or break a new product.
Putting it quite ___, she really gets on my nerves.
The excuse ___ by the company for not delivering the product on time was unbelievable.
I wouldn’t risk ___ any later than 5.30 a.m. if I were you.
The garden had become rather ___.
“He looks familiar.”
“He’s the author ___ novel became a best seller.”
“What are you reading?”
“A review of the film ___ was on television last night.”
“Is there any news about the ex-President?”
“Well, he’s reported ___ the country last night.”
V. Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each space.
AN ELEPHANT’S DIET
What does an elephant eat on a typical day? Layang – Layang an elephant at London Zoo, has a good (56) ___. Her keeper describes what she ate yesterday. “Breakfast (57) ___ of a kilo of dog biscuits mixed with 750g of dried horse food with extra vitamins, hay, bread, bananas apples, oranges, potatoes, carrots and cabbage. Zoo food is always of a (58) ___ standard!
“During the morning the daily (59) ___ of branches is delivered. Layang- Layang is particularly (60) ___ of cherry and apple, so she was given four big (61) ___. She chewed the twiggy bits and (62) ___ the rest as toys. Lunch was another kilo of dog biscuits, more bread, vegetables and fruit. Most of this comes from local supermarkets who give us stock that (63) ___ they would (64) ___. After lunch she ate more branches. We have to make sure she doesn’t (65) ___out of these. Some visitors to the zoo aren’t very (66) ___ and feed Layang-Layang unsuitable things. If she (67)___ paper and plastic, her stomach hurts.
“Supper was another kilo of dog biscuits, 750g of dried horse food, 350g of linseed oil (to (68) ___ healthy skin and hair) and 500g of vitamin E. Layang –Layang eats a lot but she never puts (69) ___ weight.
“If she (70) ___ like a snack during the night, Layang –Layang has some hay and more branches.”
VI. Read the passages and the questions or unfinished sentences. Then choose the answer – A, B, C, or D- that you think fits best.
Computers should never have received the significant status they now have. Fascinating and invaluable as they are, even the most developed have less brain power than a three-year-old. They do, however, score on single mindedness. The three year old uses her brain not only to think but also to do some certain tasks like seeing, hearing and running about, which need incredibly fast and sophisticated electro-mechanical interactions. But the computer just sits there and sends spacecraft to the moon or re-arranges the world banking system which is very much easier. That’s why man’s dream of robot maids is still a long way off.
The main point made by the passage is that the human brain ___.
It is explained in the passage that the efficiency of the computer ___.
The author feels that computers ___.
The term “artificial intelligence” was first used by Professor John McCarthy in 1956. However, the idea of creating “thinking machines” appears over and over again throughout history. In the 3rd century BC, a Chinese engineer called Mo Ti made mechanical birds, dragons and soldiers and much later, in the 18th century in Europe, the nobility were delighted by mechanical figures which moved by clockwork. It seemed that making machines that moved and looked like human beings was easy. The difficult part would be to create a machine that could think like a human being.
When computers appeared in the 1950s, many people thought that it would not be long before these impressive machines started talking, thinking for themselves and taking over the world. People predicted all kinds of things, from robot servants to computerized houses. None of it happened. Despite the billions of dollars and years of research given to developing artificial intelligence, computers are still unable to hold a normal conversation with a human being. In fact, although computers today can process information thousands of times faster than they could fifty years ago they are only two or three times better at using human language than they were back then. In addition, the huge increase in computer use has proved that today’s computers, with their windows, mice, icons and commands, do not operate in the same way as the human brain. If this were not true, there would be no need for the thousands of tech support staff employed by call centres.
The trouble is that, even though computers can turn speech into text, recognise objects by using cameras, search through endless amounts of data and even use robot mechanisms to move like human beings, they are unable to put all these abilities together and actually think and function like human beings. One of the reasons for this is that scientists still do not know much about how the human brain works, so it is impossible to program computers to copy the brain’s processes. As for language, there is not much hope of computers ever being able to chat with human beings. Human language is complex and does not follow clear enough rules for computers to understand. A machine may be able to work out the grammar of a sentence, but it still cannot understand its meaning. It looks like the science fiction fans who dream of robots which look and act just like us had better keep on dreaming.
According to the text, people have been trying to create thinking machines ___.
In the 18th century, mechanical figures ___.
People expected computers to be able to talk because ___.
Fifty years ago, computers were ___.
We need tech support staff because ___.
Computers cannot think like human being because ___.
Computers cannot use human language because ___.