Đề luyện thi Cao Đẳng - Đại Học - Đề số 34
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ĐỀ LUYỆN THI CAO ĐẲNG - ĐẠI HỌC - ĐỀ SỐ 34
I. Find the word that has its underlined part pronounced differently from the other three in each question.
own own own own
ed ed sed ed
ch icient tural tion
ed ed ed ed
II. Find the word with the stress pattern different from that of the other three words in each question.
III. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct
So irrelevant issues are unworthy of mention during this discussion.
The judge said the man was guilty of committing the crime and sent him to the prison.
No traces of life has yet been found on Mars.
There were many factors which contributed to your illness and smoking was certainly one of it.
The police detained the criminal when he was trying crossing the border. They put him in jail.
A circus is coming to our town next week. We will have an opportunity to see those magnificent tigers playing with people and men swallow fire.
My neighbours are quite well-off. They can afford travelling abroad every year.
Wealth is not important in life. What matters is who you are, not how much do you have.
IV. From the four words or phrases (A, B, C, or D), choose the one that best completes the sentence
“So, what do you think of his new novel?
“It’s definitely ___ than his previous one.”
If you keep the wound clean, it should certainly ___ very quickly.
India is the country ___ he spent the early years of his life.
The building of the new stadium was ___ schedule, which was worrying the sponsors a great deal.
It was his first marathon, and he pushed his endurance to the ___ in order to do well.
He ___ at the chance of playing in the college’s basketball team.
The fire-fighter ordered___ the building at once.
His footballing career really took ___ once his team won the cup.
When the storm ___ he had to decide whether to push on to the summit or stay where he was.
The dream was so ___ that I was convinced it had really happened.
I was the last one to complete the course – but I still felt ___ good about my performance.
I didn’t think that the game would ___ any risk to the players, but I was wrong.
“What’s the matter with Terry and Paula?”
“They said that if the business continued to do so badly they ___ sell the house.”
Close your eyes and try to ___ yourself walking along a beach at night.
It seemed as though he could walk through fire without ___ any kind of injury.
She spoke in a ___ calming voice for fear of frightening the child.
It’s ___ unlikely that they will want to live in the city – they’re country lovers.
I suggest that we ___ for the cheapest course of action.
The photographs in the booklet ___ an image of prosperity.
“What did the dietician say to Angela?”
“He advised ___ down on fats otherwise she would develop heart problems in later life.”
If too many species ___ out, it will upset the ecosystem.
The streets were ___ wide enough for two people to pass each other.
There has been a ___ increase in the use of bicycles in the city recently.
The accident caused a tailback of seven miles, with traffic ___ along at a snail’s pace.
If one company starts to show concern for the environment, then others will surely follow___.
Children always want to know the reason___ things are as they are.
The Giant Panda has been on the ___ of extinction for many years.
It is hoped that more diseases may be ___ through programmers of vaccination.
The problem needs to be ___ urgently, otherwise it will be too late.
Factory ___ used to be one of the main causes of pollution.
In remote communities it is important to ___ food stocks before the winter sets in.
“Is there a problem with the letter? – “The person ___ this letter is addressed no longer lives here.”
Fishing in many parts of the world is becoming a ___ industry.
I’m prepared to ___ with the idea if you’re sure it’ll work.
The job market on the island is ___ rapidly.
By the time you receive this letter, I ___ for France.
The mountaineers were concerned about ___ weather conditions as they were climbing late in the year.
You can’t just ___ your head in the sand – you’ve got to face up to the problem.
“What did Ivan suggest?”
“He suggested ___ on an excursion tomorrow.”
V. Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each space.
CRIME-REVERSING THE TREND
Crime, as we are all aware, has been a growing problem all over the world in the last thirty years. But we are not (56) ___ against crime. Much is being done – and more can be done – to reverse the trend. You can play a part in it.
The first step towards preventing crime is understanding its (57) ___. Most crime is against property, not (58) ___, and most crime is not carried out by professionals; nor is it carefully planned. Property crimes (59) ___ on the easy opportunity. They are often (60) ___ by adolescents and young men, the majority of whom stop offending as they grow older – the (61) ___ age for offending is fifteen. Also, and not surprisingly, the (62) ___ of being a victim of crime (63) ___ greatly depending on where you live.
This (64) ___ by criminals on the easy opportunity is the (65) ___ to much crime prevention. Motor cars, for example, are a sitting target for the criminal. Surveys have shown that approximately one in five drivers do not always (66) ___ to secure their cars by locking all the doors and shutting all the windows, add in 30 per cent of domestic burglaries the burglar simply walks in without having to use (67) ___. If opportunities like these did not exist, criminals would have a much harder time. The chances are that many crimes would not be committed, which would release more police time for (68) ___ serious crime.
Of course, the primary responsibility for (69) ___ with crime rests with the police and the courts, but, if you care about improving the (70) ___ of life for yourself and your community, there are many ways you can help reverse the trend.
VI. Read the passage and the questions or unfinished sentences. Then choose the answer –A, B, C, or D- that you think fits best.
Readers of factual material should bear in mind this aspect: their authors, like authors of fiction, have beliefs and theories that affect the way they present their subject matter. For example, a British professor’s account of the American Revolution would be different from the version written by a professor from the United States. Because of national loyalties, the two scholars might look at the events from different angles: the former as a colonial rebellion on a distant continent, and the second as a struggle for personal freedom. The two authors would write from different points of view and express certain opinions because they have different ways of looking at the subject.
The best statement to summarise the passage is that___.
The writer believes that ___.
It is implied in the passage that ___.
GENTLE GORILLAS, VIOLENT TIMES
Conservationists have put in years of hard work in central Africa in order to prevent gorillas from becoming completely extinct, but now only 600 mountain gorillas remain on just 285 square miles of land. Three hundred of them inhabit a small forested area on the slopes of the Virunga volcanoes, surrounded by villages. The other 300 live twenty miles north in Uganda’s forest, which is now a protected area known as Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. This is the total world population of mountain gorillas living in the wild.
People tend to view gorillas as fierce, savage animals, so I approached them cautiously. The gorillas soon accepted my presence. If you look into a gorilla’s eyes, you see gentleness and intelligence. Unlike the clownish chimpanzee, gorillas are calm and shy. They do play, but sometimes they seem almost embarrassed by their own high spirits. They spend their thirty to forty-year lives mostly in mountain forests, eating thistles and bamboo shoots and sitting thoughtfully. Their patience and gentleness is very attractive to human observers.
Yet the mountain gorillas have suffered greatly. Throughout the first quarter of this century, more than fifty gorillas were killed or captured in Virunga; then, in 1925, Carl Akeley of the American Natural History Museum encouraged Belgium to establish Africa’s first national park. However, when civil was broke out in 1960, forcing the Belgian park staff to leave, hunters were free to hunt the gorillas. Many were captured so that their heads and hands could be sold to tourists as souvenirs.
By 1981 there were only 250 mountain gorillas left. A wildlife conservation society in New York began “gorilla tourism” and an educational programme for the Rwandans. This created greater awareness of gorillas and their endangered habitat. The conservation group trained gorillas so that they were comfortable being observed at close quarters. Tourists paid large amounts to see them, and Rwanda made a profit; it became a model of conservation.
Recently, civil war has again threatened the existence of gorillas, and organisations are reinvesting in land protection and tourist schemes. For the first time ever, people and gorillas are dependent on each other for survival. The Rwandans need the money the gorillas attract and gorillas desperately need protection. Farmland has been taken by the state and the farmers removed from their land; despite this, there is a real love for the gorillas. I remember what Nshogoza, my guide, said: “When I was a boy, I heard that gorillas were men who were very bad and who went to live in the forest; but gorillas are better than us. They are peaceful. They have no tribes. When they fight they have a good reason. We fight for nothing.” In a sense, Nshogoza is right.
According to the text, mountain gorillas___.
The author was under the impression that gorillas ___.
Between 1960 and 1981, ___.
The wildlife conservation society in New York ___.
What does “it” in line 5, paragraph 4, refer to?
Why do the Rwandans depend on the gorillas?