Đề luyện thi Cao Đẳng - Đại Học - Đề số 36
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ĐỀ LUYỆN THI CAO ĐẲNG - ĐẠI HỌC - ĐỀ SỐ 36
I. Find the word that has its underlined part pronounced differently from the other three in each question
aught aught ugh aft
ed ed ed ed
eat ead eat eech
etrol etty etty edal
II. Find the word with the stress pattern different form that of the other three words in each question
III. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
She mustn’t read the book if she doesn’t want to, but if she wants to be accepted to the university she needs to have some knowledge.
I have never dived in a twenty-meter-deep lake before, so I’m a bit afraid of do it.
You have little to boast about, haven’t you?
Were you to win a huge sum of money, what would you have bought?
The walks of life are sometimes strange. You sometimes help somebody and, after sometimes, turning out to be in need of his help.
Let’s not forget to settle the bill before we shall leaver the restaurant.
The little boy tripped over and hitting his head on the edge of the table.
Despite of the numerous accusations, the Minister maintains that he did not know about the corruption going on among his employees.
IV. From the four words or phrases (A, B, C, or D), choose the one that best completes the sentence.
The oil tanker spilled out tons of ___ oil after the collision.
At first ___, you would say they were twins, but in reality, they didn’t even know each other.
In the ___ of cold weather, remember to put on some warm clothes.
Liverpool beat local ___, Everton, by two goals to one last Saturday.
Last week’s ___ was a blow to their chances of reaching the finals.
This training is ___ at those who prefer a heavy body workout.
Let me please ___ my memory before I get down to answering the questions.
Of course, we don’t need this dictionary at present, but in the long ___ it may prove useful.
There are languages hard to ___, but English is definitely out of this group.
She may work more slowly than the other employees, but in ___ she is a conscientious worker.
The government failed to keep its promises to the workforce, ___ the call for a general election.
It took the court of inquiry a long time to decide who ___ for the accident was.
“There’s a great film on at 11 tonight!” – “I wish it started ___ because I’m too tired to stay up and watch it.”
___ you go on talking, he’ll ask you to leave.
The ___ incidence of redundancy is to blame for the low morale within the company.
They sacked the head of marketing because he was ___ inefficient.
To ___ you the truth, I’d really like to change my job.
Some people ___ stress very well while others find it difficult to manage.
John is ___ the five children.
Tom really hasn’t got a ___ about sales forecasting – he’ll have to go on a course.
I misread the time on the ticket and we ___ the plane.
The ___ in our building often falls asleep at the front desk.
She was given the advantage over other applicants because of her attractive ___.
They did have a ___ escape. Their car stopped right at the river bank.
It’s surprising the performance went so well after only three ___.
The hijackers have demanded a ___ to be paid for releasing the civilian hostages from the plane.
Many of ___ who fought in the world wars recorded their experiences in diaries; most of ___, however, remained unpublished.
I was ___ from taking another course in diving by my first unsuccessful attempt.
___ the fact that we are suffering a shortage of trained staff, we have had to decline a number of contracts.
Has it ever ___ to you that there might be more to this matter than a few fake banknotes?
Hundreds of workers have been ___ due to financial problems at the factory.
Countries often become___ to promote trade and industry between them.
The foreman came to the building site to pay the workmen’s ___.
It wasn’t ___ the 1940s that UFO sightings began to appear in the newspapers.
___ was expected, the new manager failed to do much to change the firm’s financial situation.
It’ll be hard for me to adapt to life in a small town, but I have ___ other choice, for my parents have been appointed there as teachers.
The question as to ___ it is morally acceptable to clone people has been debated for a long time.
“So, are you going to buy it or not?”
“If it ___ so expensive, I wouldn’t.’
Believe it or not, but these girls___ that Elvis Presley will be remembered as the greatest musician of the 20th century.
V. Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits best.
FOOD FOR ASTRONAUTS
It used to be thought that people could not swallow well in space, so the food (56) ___ for astronauts consisted of bite-sized pieces of food pushed out of tubes. But now it is (57) ___ that you can eat in space in the same way as on Earth.
The physical constraints lie in the body of the spaceship rather than the body of the astronaut. Limited storage and cooking facilities, with no space or power to (58) ___ for complex food preparation, mean that the (59) ___ for space nutritionists has gone beyond providing astronauts with food that is palatable and good for them. The solution has emerged in the (60) ___of dehydrated food. Simply add water to the freeze-dried granules and … bon appétit!
With space flights often (61) ___ more than a week, astronauts cannot live on granules alone. They also take pre-cooked meals (62) ___ in bags, which they (63) ___ up in a small oven. These are tastier than granules but, according to Dr. Helen Lane, a research nutritionist, it is difficult to get astronauts to eat as much as they need.
It’s partly because they are so busy and because there is no (64) ___to eat. “So tickling there taste buds is an (65) ___ struggle, especially since one of the effects of zero gravity is to (66) ___ the sense of smell.
Weightlessness is an important (67) ___in space food because of the danger that the food might (68) ___ and float off in different (69) ___. We need foods that coalesce,” says Dr. Lane. Yoghurts, puddings, sauces all (70) ___ together in larger droplets. Your spoon may float away, but the food will stay on it.”
VI. Read the passages and the questions or unfinished sentences. Then choose the answer – A, B, C, or D- that you think fits best
Computers have led to a greater change in our society in recent decades than any other force and are likely to continue to do so until the next century. The industry surrounding computers is growing quickly, providing employment for many but meanwhile making others redundant. Jobs that computers can do much more reliably, faster and cheaper are lost. The redeployment of labor and the prospect of increased leisure are causing social upheavals which require new ideas and significant changes of attitude.
It is pointed out in the passage that the introduction of computers into daily life ___.
According to the passage, the impact computers have had on society ___.
As is implied in the passage, the widespread use of computers in industry___.
ONE MAN’S MUZAX IS ANOTHER MAN’S NOISE
Extensive research was carried out in 2002 into opinions on back-ground music, or musk as it is commonly known in the USA or piped music as it is known in Britain. The survey asked the general public what they thought and the findings gave an interesting view of the growing use of this type of music that seems to follow us everywhere.
So what exactly is musk? It is background music played in public places such as shops, supermarkets, pubs, or even down the telephone! If you are asked to wait on the phone for a few minutes, you can often find yourself with an earful of exceptionally loud music.
From the survey, researchers found that 33% of the general public expressed a total dislike of this form of music. Together with the 36% of the general public who wade that they never actually even notice background music, this total figure might be a strong message for business people that perhaps they need to start questioning the value of playing musk anywhere and everywhere, as many people clearly dislike it!
The vast majority of people who find it annoying feel that shops, supermarkets, restaurants and cafes are the worst places. Generally, restaurants are considered worse for those who are hard of hearing, as they can feel left out of conversations or unable to hear restaurant staff well enough due to background noise.
Ordinary daily life has never been noisier. It has become quite acceptable to play musk in buses and taxis, for example. It is now commonly piped onto streets, beaches and parks as well as hotels, restaurants and hospital waiting areas. Many people in hospital are helpless and also denied their right to silence when they are in such an uncomfortable condition. Surely we all have a basic right to silence should we choose.
In recent years, the quality of piped music has changed, from relatively soft sounds to hard, louder sounds on many occasions. Restaurants seem to be operating with the belief that the more background noise there is, the better business will be. There are, in fact, no statistics that actually prove that higher noise levels increase business. Such levels are certainly the rights of the individual.
Apparently, there is an Internet site which offers help in complaining about the increasing use of musk by companies in Britain. We generally seem to have little choice in the matter, with music deafening us without our permission, as a means of encouraging us to spend more money. This would seem to be a total abuse of the relationship between company and customer. The site allows you to make a complaint quickly and easily. It also has a list of restaurants and cafes that do not actually play musk. If you do indeed find yourself more and more stressed and annoyed by such music in public places, why let your voice lost if you simply stay away. In order for managers to get the message that a large number of customers are staying away and that it could be affecting customer relation, perhaps we now need to start complaining!
As Helen G. from London said, “I think our worst experience recently was in large computer store. We asked two or three assistants if they could turn the music down as we couldn’t think straight, but they were either indifferent or said they were unable to help. On the way out, we spoke to a more senior member of staff who said it couldn’t be turned off. I explained that we had come with 2,000 pounds to spend on computer equipment, but couldn’t bear to stay in the shop any longer because of the noise level. He immediately told us to wait while he went to turn it off. Of course we didn’t wait and simply took our business elsewhere!”
Whatever happened to being able to focus peacefully on what we’re doing, whether it be shopping or socializing? Silence in public places now seems to be totally unacceptable these days. The right to silence is something we need to insist on as we should be allowed to have a certain level of peace and quiet in our lives.
According to the writer, musk___.
What does “they” in line 9 refer to?
The writer seems to think that ___.
Why has a special Internet site been set up?
When will managers be able to understand what is really happening?
Helen went somewhere else to buy computer equipment because ___.
What is the writer’s conclusion?