Đề luyện thi Cao Đẳng - Đại Học - Đề số 37
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ĐỀ LUYỆN THI CAO ĐẲNG - ĐẠI HỌC - 37
I. Find the word that has its underlined part pronounced differently from the other three in each question.
Christmas chaos challenge character
gas giant gain goods
sun sort success sure
ead ead ead ead
II. Find the word with the stress pattern different from that of the other three words in each question.
III. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
In a country as Iran, you won’t get away with such a crime as distributing drugs. You are bound to receive severe punishment.
The thief broke into the shop and stole goods worthy of $2000.
She was a nice girl. We have taken to her the first day we met her.
The owner of the household was reluctant of allowing the tourists to put up a tent within his premises because he was afraid that they could cause a fire or something like that.
His devotion and commitment to his work are exceptional. A few employees seem to care for the business as much as he does.
There were some advantages and disadvantages of living in the country but, all in all, they were an interesting experience.
The newspapers are beginning to write that the indecently high salaries of the Mayor and his employees should reduce because it demoralises society.
Get in touch with me when you need my help. You’ve got my phone number and address, have you?
IV. From the four words or phrases (A, B, C, or D), choose the one that best completes the sentence
If only I ___ then what I know now!
Floods have completely ___ the farmer’s crops.
In the experiment, a team of two prey was ___ with a team of three predators.
“It’s time you ___ in bed. It’s almost midnight, isn’t it?”
Children should keep away from the river ___ in case they fall in.
Some animals cannot adapt to living in a(n) ___ environment.
Many business executives ___ stress in their work.
There must be a ___ way to spend your time!
Our food contains only ___ ingredients.
“I overslept and was late for work again!”
“You’d ___ that clock fixed; it hasn’t worked for over a week now.”
He’s not exactly rich but he certainly earns enough money to ___.
It seems to be the big tour operators that take the ___ share of the profits.
___ pay attention in class, you won’t pass the test.
The proliferation of air travel has encouraged the growth of ___ tourism.
The area has a great deal of ___ for development as a tourist resort.
Let me give you ___ advice. Make sure you know how to do something else apart from acting.
Nigel is fantastic in a crisis. He’s calm and ___ headed.
I have a lot of respect ___ the principal of our college.
The behaviour of priests of this religious order is expected to be ___ at all times.
I have very ___ feelings about the plan – it might possibly work, or it could be a disaster.
At___ tide, the sea often crashes over the harbor walls.
Passengers are asked to refrain ___ smoking until they are well inside the terminal building.
We were ___ twice for the two tickets so we made an official complaint to the manager.
This small seaside town is almost deserted in the winter, ___ there are a few people who live here permanently.
The architect’s work was superb, but he charged an enormous ___.
“You missed an exciting start to the football match.”
“Yes, it’s a pity I ___ on time.”
The weather is so good that hundreds of people visit the place all year ___.
Thousands of visitors ___ with their families make their way to Eiffel Tower in Paris every year.
Visitors can see many fascinating relics in the Museum ___ payment of a small charge at the entrance.
My brother is always ___ me about my hooked nose.
The Olympic games are ___ start tomorrow morning at 8.30. a.m. our time.
By the end of the games Australia___ almost as many medals as they did in Atlanta.
She won a gold medal in the 200 metres freestyle, silver in the medley and___ of that she broke two world records.
She’s a woman of her ___ . You can trust her to do what she says she’ll do.
I would never have expected ___ the exam if she hadn’t told me I was doing so well.
After the ___ had called the meeting to order, we got down to business.
She asked the students to sit in a ___.
There has been a significant reduction___ the number of fatalities since wearing a helmet became obligatory.
They decided to hold a ___ ten years after they had finished school.
V. Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each space.
HOW TO COMPLAIN IN SHOPS
People love to complain. Moaning to friends can be a source of relief from the (56) ___ and strains of work, study or relationships. But when it comes to protesting to a retailer about (57) ___ good and services, many of us find we don’t have the nerve and choose to (58) ___ in silence.
By the time we do (59) ___ summon up the courage to make our (60) ___, we have generally already allowed the problem to get to us, and we are angry. In this (61) ___, we can all too (62) ___ become aggressive, gearing up for battle and turning what should be a rational discussion into a conflict.
To complain effectively you need to be specific about your problem and communicate it clearly using words which are objective and fair. (63) ___ over the top with emotional language and unreasonable claims will get us nowhere. Good negotiators tend to be calm and logical. They start by explaining the situation and stating their requirements clearly, without threat. Most complaints prompt a defensive (64) ___from the other person, but by being reasonable yourself, you (65) ___ more chance of achieving the positive (66) ___ you want.
If you feel angry or upset about what has happened, by all means tell the company, but do so calmly, (67) ___ that you understand the situation from all points of (68) ___, but explaining that you will do if your complaint is ignored. Be sure to remember, however, that it is unwise to (69) ___ threats unless you are in a position to (70) ___ them out.
VI. Read the passages and the questions or unfinished sentences. Then choose the answer – A, B, C, or D that you think fits best.
THE FIRST MOON LANDING
It was a warm July morning at Cape Kennedy in Florida. On Launch Pad 39A, the Apollo 11 spacecraft sat on top of the most powerful rocket ever built. Inside the tiny space capsule, 350 feet above the ground, three astronauts in bulky spacesuits prepared for an incredible journey. The astronauts were Michael Collins, Edwin “Buzz” Aldine, and mission commander Neil Armstrong.
The year was 1969. The astronauts were about to blast off into space to land on a historic journey. Their mission was to become the first humans to land on the Moon.
On the ground at Cape Kennedy, thousands of people gathered to watch the launch. Over the loudspeakers, Mission Control announced the countdown. “T minus 20 seconds and counting.” The three astronauts braced themselves for lift off. “12,11, 10, 9, ignition sequence starts.”. Bright orange flames and dark smoke began pouring out of the Saturn 5 rocket to which the Apollo 11 was attached. “6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, all engines running.”
Collins, Aldine, and Armstrong were pushed back in their seats as the mighty rocket released forces equal to that of 100,000 train locomotives. The ground began to shake, and the deafening blast-off could be heard – and seen – from miles away. Within a few minutes, the astronauts were racing upward at over 6,000 miles per hour, disappearing into the sky. The launch was a success.
After orbiting Earth, the Saturn 5 rocket fired again, and Apollo 11 was pulled free from the planet’s gravitational pull. The astronauts felt themselves floating against the straps on their seats. They were now weightless in space and racing towards the Moon at speeds approaching 25,000 miles an hour.
The trip to the Moon took four days. On the fourth day, Armstrong fired another rocket to slow down Apollo 11 as it fell into orbit around the Moon. The next day, Armstrong and Aldine climbed into the lunar landing module, a smaller craft attached to the Apollo 11. Michael Collins stayed behind to keep Apollo 11 in orbit.
Once aboard the smaller craft, called the Eagle, Armstrong and Aldine fired more rockets, gently separating the Eagle from Apollo 11. The spacecraft slowly headed to the Moon. The spider-like landing legs of the Eagle, settled on the Moon’s surface on an open plain known as The Sea of Tranquility.
Armstrong radioed Mission Control in Houston, Texaco. “Houston, Tranquility Base here,” he said. “The Eagle has landed.” Loud cheers erupted at Mission Control.
Armstrong and Aldine suited up for their first walk on the Moon. Their suits included backpacks that supplied them with oxygen. The suits also had communication devices and a water cooling system to keep the astronauts comfortable. Once they were securely in their suits and helmets, Armstrong slowly backed out of the open hatch. It was the moment everyone had been waiting for.
Back on Earth, President Richard Nixon had declared a national holiday so millions of people could breathlessly watch the event. Live pictures of Armstrong were sent back to Earth as Armstrong climbed down a ladder as the world watched on television. Finally Armstrong reached the foot of the ladder. He pulled his left leg away from the Eagle and firmly planted his boot on the surface of the Moon. Then Neil Armstrong spoke the immortal words: “That’s one small step for a man … one giant leap for mankind.”
Neil Armstrong had become the first person to walk on the Moon. It was an amazing accomplishment and one that will never be forgotten.
What is the main idea of this article?
The information in this article could BEST be used for a research project on ___.
Read these sentences from the essay:
Over the loudspeakers, Mission Control announced the countdown. “T minus 20 seconds and counting.” The three astronauts braced themselves for lift off. “12, 11,10,9 ignition sequence starts.” Bright orange flames and dark smoke began pouring out of the Saturn 5 rocket to which the Apollo 11 was attached. “6,5,4,3,2,1,0, all engines running.”
The author includes the Mission Control countdown___.
Why did the astronauts float against the straps on their seats?
What was the MOST important result of Apollo 11’s mission to the Moon?
Why did the author write this article?
President Richard Nixon declared a national holiday___.
Computers can store vast amount of information in a very small space and are used by the banks to keep accounts, and control transactions. They are also used by the police to keep personal records, fingerprints and other details. In the developing field of robotics, computers are now being used to control manual operations done by machines. These two are taking over work, previously done by humans, in the manufacture of cars, in weaving and other industries. Computers play an important role in controlling artificial satellites, decoding information and communications generally. They are used to predict the weather with increasing accuracy.
One can conclude from the passage that ___.
The author points out that___.
The passage is not concerned with___.