Đề luyện thi Cao Đẳng - Đại Học - Đề số 44
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ĐỀ LUYỆN THI CAO ĐẲNG - ĐẠI HỌC - ĐỀ SỐ 44
I. Find the word that has its underlined part pronounced differently from the other three in each question.
avity ave ave ave
odern onion orange opping
outhern outh out ought
ound outh ousand ouvenir
II. Find the word with the stress pattern different from that of the other three words in each question.
III. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
Much of a person’s character, psychologists believe, is formed by the environmental influences of the five first years of life.
Even though most drivers speed, they are supposed to.
When the motorist was stopped by the police for speeding, he realized that he must have been paying more attention to the speed limit.
Although some desert plants can survive without water, most plants and all animals should have food in order to live.
Your clothes must have been stealing at the Laundromat. What else could have happened?
One glass of an ordinary cola drink, which contain more caffeine than two average cups of coffee, is sufficient to cause agitation in some young children.
We expect the job to being done by a reliable local firm.
According to the law that was passed last June, employers don’t have to smoke in any public offices or other places.
IV. From the four words or phrases (A, B, C, or D), choose the one that best completes the sentence.
He couldn’t have been in his right ___ saying that he can fly.
This wonderful sports centre ___ for almost all disciplines.
She’s such a snob; she behaves ___ the Queen.
Since the fire was caused by a faulty gas boiler, they were able to receive ___ from the company which had installed it.
An electric kettle is a very ___ appliance – it boils water in just a few seconds.
Jeans will gradually ___ after they have been washed a few times, but some people cannot wait for this and buy ones which are already washed – out and pale.
Anthropologists have spent years studying the social system of this ___.
Since the police could not get a(n) ___ from the suspect, they had to find enough evidence to convict him.
The English novelist and playwright Charles Reade, who was a(n) ___ of Charles Dickens, often wrote, like Dickens, of the social evils of the time.
The explorers found themselves lost in a deep, ___ forest.
Oil ___ claim the lives of thousands of sea birds and devastate the coastline.
“My washing machine is about to break down.”
“If I were you, ___ a new one.”
They’ve made lots of new friends and their ___ lives have become much better since they joined the club.
If only they ___ their tickets; I’ve got two spare ones.
My puppy was very expensive because he’s a special ___.
If John ___ the train instead of driving, he wouldn’t have been late for work.
Suppose the stock market ___ how much money would we have lost?
Sally would prefer to pursue her studies ___ to look for a job.
The ___ of the failure of the bank resulted in many people losing their life-saving.
Crows and vultures are ___ living on carrion.
When Fred was in Thailand, he couldn’t understand the alphabet, so whenever he got on a bus, he was never sure of its ___ and just went wherever it took him.
Petra was so unsure about her future that she decided to ___ her school advisor and ask her for information and advice.
It was my good fortune to ___ in a meeting of famous scientists from all over the world.
It is ___ that the threat of war will be eliminated in our lifetime – it would be wonderful, but it’s highly unlikely.
I’d rather you ___ a noise last night; I couldn’t get to sleep.
The coin we found at the archaeological site seems to be ___ - no other one like it is known to exist.
Tom’s car was damaged beyond repair in the accident, but fortunately, nobody was ___ injured.
A thermostat is a device that ___ temperature, thus keeping the room from getting either too hot or too cold.
If only we ___ more people, then we wouldn’t be feeling so lonely.
Many environmentalists believe that governments should be supporting research into the ___ of the sun’s heat into electricity.
The teams ran onto the ___ for the start of the football championships.
In recent years, the incidence and severity of sunburn ___ worldwide because of damage to the ozone layer.
With 35,000 people living on only 1.5 square kilometres of land, Monaco is the most ___ populated country in the world.
Those who are opposed to nuclear energy support the ___ of energy resources, in addition to encouraging the use of other cleaner alternatives.
It’s a chance of a lifetime for me to see Tokyo, so I’ll try to ___ the most of it.
I found the noise of the machines in the factory unbearable, and felt pity for the workers having to work in that ___ noise.
The chances of surviving cancer have ___ improved over the years.
She always bargains hard, and never ___ to get a least a 10% reduction on the price.
We know that eating fruit as a snack is ___ healthier for us than eating chips, yet ___ for us actually do so.
V. Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each space
The use of animal fur in making of clothes will always arouse strong feelings in people. Whilst some will (56) ___ admiringly at a fur coat in a shop window, others will grow angry at the ___(57) ___ of the animals which have (58) ___ so that it could be produced.
In many countries, animal rights campaigners have (59) ___ for a ban on the farming of animals for their fur, claiming that it is (60) ___ to breed and kill animals purely for fashion. They have also (61) ___ pressure on designers and (62) ___ to convince some not to use fur for third clothes. They argue that the fashion industry can do (63) ___ fur, as artificial alternatives are equally warm and attractive.
Supporters of fur say that it is a matter of personal choice and people should be allowed to (64) ___ up their own minds about what they wear. In addition, they point out that many people earn their (65) ___ from the fur trade and to ban it would (66) ___ thousands to become unemployed.
Some people, then, are prepared to (67) ___ a fortune for the latest trend, but it is the animals (68) ___ are the real fashion victims. Even if some countries stop fur farming, international trade rules (69) ___ governments from banning the importing of clothes made from fur. So as (70) ___ as there is a demand (71)___ fur, animals will continue to be sacrificed.
VI. Read the passages and the questions or unfinished sentences. Then choose the answer –A, B, C, or D – that you think fits best.
Mount Vesuvius, a volcano located between the ancient Italian cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, has received much attention because of its frequent and destructive eruptions. The most famous of these eruptions occurred in AD 79.
The volcano had been inactive for centuries. There was little warning of the coming eruption, although one account unearthed by archaeologists says that a hard rain and a strong wind had disturbed the celestial calm during the preceding night. Early the next morning, the volcano poured a huge river of molten rock down upon Herculaneum, completely burying the city and filling in the harbor with coagulated lava. Meanwhile, on the other side of the mountain, cinders, stone and ash rained down on Pompeii. Sparks from the burning ash ignited the combustible rooftops quickly. Large portions of the city were destroyed in the conflagration. Fire, however, was not the only cause of destruction. Poisonous sulphuric gases saturated the air. These heavy gases were not buoyant in the atmosphere and therefore sank toward the earth and suffocated people.
Over the years, excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum have revealed a great deal about the behavior of the volcano. By analyzing data, much as a zoologist dissects a specimen animal, scientist has concluded that the eruption changed large portions of the area’s geography. For instance, it turned the Sarno River from its course and raised the level of the beach along the Bay of Naples. Meteorologists studying these events have also concluded that Vesuvius caused a huge tidal wave that affected the world’s climate. In addition to making these investigations, archaeologists have been able to study the skeletons of victims by using distilled water to wash away the volcanic ash. By strengthening the brittle bones with acrylic paint, scientists have been able to examine the skeletons and draw conclusions about the diet and habits of the residents. Finally, the excavations at both Pompeii and Herculaneum have yielded many examples of classical art, such as jewelry made of bronze, which is an alloy of copper and tin.
The eruption of Mount Vesuvius and its tragic consequences have provided us with a wealth of data about the effects that volcanoes can have on the surrounding area. Today volcanologists can locate and predict eruptions, saving lives and preventing the destruction of cities and cultures.
Herculaneum and its harbor were buried under___ lava.
The poisonous gases were not ___ in the air.
Scientists analyzed data about Vesuvius in the same way that a zoologist ___ a specimen.
___ have concluded that the volcanic eruption caused a tidal wave.
Scientist have used ___ water to wash volcanic ash from the skeletons of victims.
TO HACK OR NOT TO HACK
White hats, gray hats, black hats, and script kiddies - “What on earth are those?” you may ask. Well, they are the names given to different types of computer hackers in hacker subculture. Basically, a white hat hacker is one who uses his or her skills for ethical ends, while a black hat-also known as a cracker – is just the opposite. Gray hats, on the other hand, lie somewhere in between: they usually do not have malicious intentions, but may occasionally commit crimes during their computing exploits. As for scraps kiddies, they’re usually young and inexperienced, lacking the ability to write sophisticated hacking programs of their own; instead, they use others’ programs to attack computer systems and deface websites, their objective usually being to impress their friends or some such frivolous thing. As can be seen from just this cursory glance, the hacker subculture is quite a rich one. Besides just differently coloured hats, it has produced novel forms of political thought and art. Politically, most hackers – whatever that they may be lean to the left. They are generally in support of very broad freedom of information and speech as pertaining to computing, and thus also tend to have a strong opposition to copyright laws. Some even write programs and perform other activities to support these views, which is known as “hacktivism”. In terms of art, hackers’ most notable creation has undoubtedly been ASCII art. This uses standard ASCII characters – such as (.@, and> - to create pictures. Another product of hacker subculture has been leetspeak, a kind of Internet slang that uses various letters, numbers, and symbols to respell words, usually in a shorthand way. The word “banned”, for instance, is often rendered as “b&”. However, even though hackers created leetspesk, it has since passed out of the subculture into common use, and is now little used by the hackers themselves, who now stress these of “proper” grammar and spelling.
As can be understood from the passage, black hat hackers ___.
We understand from the passage that white hat hackers ___.
It is clear from the passage that the majority of hackers have ___.
As is stated in the passage, leetspeak ___.