Đề luyện thi Cao Đẳng - Đại Học - Đề số 45
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ĐỀ LUYỆN THI CAO ĐẲNG - ĐẠI HỌC - ĐỀ SỐ 45
I. Find the word that has its underlined part pronounced differently from the other three in each question.
ervous orry irthday ird
ush ush ush ush
ipe ice ipe ibe
character chemistry cholar chapter
II. Find the word with the stress pattern different from that of the other three words in each question
III. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
The letter still hadn’t arrived at the end of the week.
Peter offered me another drink but I decided I have had enough.
The police are still mystified by the lack of clues regarding the kidnapping, which must have committed by a person who was known to the victims.
In spite of the fact that doctors have recommended strongly that adults refrained from smoking when they are near children, such warnings have been largely ignored.
If you do not want the teacher to take away your radio, then you had better put away right now.
In my view, either major candidate for mayor are likely to do a good job while in office.
The disaster that resulted from an unauthorized experiment in nuclear power plant in Chernobyl, Ukraine, was one of the worst catastrophes of the twentieth century.
Many people think that eating starches is all right because they believe that starches do not contain large amounts of fat. However, it does.
IV. From the four words or phrases (A, B, C, or D), choose the one that best completes the sentence.
She is under the ___ that her fiancé is a multi-millionaire.
Their claim that the storm caused £1,000,000 in damage to their house is clearly an ___, as the entire properly is only worth about half that.
The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are two of the most ___ acts in recent history, and, even today, are still being debated.
I know she was not lying when she apologized because she seemed ___ sorry for what she had done.
Although Jeff was not the person who caused the problem, everybody ___ him responsible for the consequences.
The casserole was delicious! Could you give me the ___ so that I can make it at home?
So far, a variety of theories ___ forward regarding the source of this sound.
I was ___ due to a personality clash with my boss.
The student’s rude interruption brought a sharp ___ from his teacher.
If we had ___ that the play would be so popular, we would have made more tickets available.
A solid brick wall is ___.
Electric fires give ___ less heat than coal fires.
The builder’s hourly ___ was very low because he was inexperienced.
It is common ___ to shake hands when being introduced to somebody.
The air-hostess told the passengers to fasten their seatbelts and ___ the strap to fit.
He’s involved___ a number of research projects.
The army suffered very heavy ___, yet, their victory was imposing.
I don’t think Mr. Brown will change his mind easily. He’s very ___!
We can’t go on holiday this year – our ___ are too low.
The Romans built many ___ dedicated to Diana, Goddess of the Hunt.
If, before becoming a journalist, I ___ four years in the Andes, I would find his story unlikely.
The boss was in a ___ mood so he agreed to give me the day off.
The greenhouse ___ has changed the global climate for the worse.
Her perfect manners and exceptional erudition is an effect of her strict upper- class ___.
Computers have taken away much of the ___ involved in boring office work.
I asked for a bigger size because the jacket didn’t ___ me.
She ___ through the keyhole to see the present they were wrapping.
The summer course in French ___ conversation grammar and listening classes.
The rock band have a club which their ___ can write to for information.
When he didn’t bother to come to her party, he really ___ her feelings.
Tom Grey , who doesn’t know Swedish, ___ this fax. We cannot put the blame on him.
Some people never leave their hometowns, but others are more ___ about the outside world and cannot resist travelling.
Newborn animals ___ do the things they need to do to survive, without ever being taught.
We were disappointed when we went to the play and found that the star was too ill to ___.
Our previous manager was highly ___, but the new one doesn’t even seem to know how to use a computer.
We could go to the seaside for the weekend, or, ___ , we could go to the mountains – it’s up to you.
We have to check in at the airport two hours before the scheduled ___ of our flight, or they may not let us board the plane.
The film was extremely boring so we changed ___ .
The inspector demanded to know___ what had happened on the evening of the murder.
V. Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each space.
THE HOME OF THE FUTURE
In the future, people could live in “smart homes” that will tell them when to wake up or remind them to (56) ___ the front door. These homes will be equipped with electronic sensors connected to a computer that will (57) ___ people to take their medicine or (58) ___ off the oven. This computerised system, with about thirty sensors will be (59) ___ to talk and negotiate with the tenant. It will also have the ability to (60) ___ out if it is doing something that might be harmful. The (61) ___ of the “smart home” is to allow the elderly to live independently in their own homes for as (62) ___ as possible instead of moving them into assisted housing or nursing homes. The number of people living into their 80s is expected to increase dramatically in the (63) ___ few decades. As a result, there will probably be a (64) ___ demand for these homes, which will enable the elderly to (65) ___ their independence and privacy. In addition to reminding them about things they may have forgotten to do, the system would contact a volunteer in (66) ___ of illness or danger. At the (67) ___ a bioengineer at Brunel University near London is working with several housing associations, communication companies and charities in order to make this (68) ___ home a reality. Although he is planning to (69) ___ up new homes and apartments with the system, he says that it would also be (70) ___ to change existing homes, too.
VI. Read the passages and the questions or unfinished sentences. Then choose the answer – A, B, C, or D- that you think fits best.
Sir Isaac Newton was drinking tea under the apple trees in is garden one summer afternoon in 1665 when an apple fell from an overhanging branch, hit him on the head and immediately provided the inspiration for his law of gravitation. According to the story that is how it happened, anyway. It may indeed be true, but no one knows for certain. Even the famed British astronomer Sir Harold Spencer Jones, who stated in 1944 that the story was probably true, later changed his mind, noting that “one cannot be sure either way.” The story of Newton’s Apple first appears in Voltaire’s Elements de la Philosophic de Newton, published in 1738, long after the great Englishman had died and 73 years from the time the disputed apple fell.
The legend that’s being questioned in the passage ___.
According to the passage, Sir Harold Spencer Jones ___.
We can conclude from the passage that ___.
Perhaps one of the most popular, and delicious, foods available to us today are chocolate. We eat chocolate in sweet cakes and desserts and even drink it, but few of us ever consider the origins of this tasty treat.
Cocoa is believed to have originated in the Amazon over 4,000 years ago. In the sixth century AD, the Mayan culture in South America used chocolate, which they made from cocoa beans. In fact, the Mayans cultivated the first ever cocoa plantations. Cocoa plants symbolized life and fertility to the Mayans and were extremely important to them. They carved pictures of cocoa plants into the stones of their palaces and temples, and the cocoa plant was also a part of their religious rituals. In their literature, the Mayan people referred to chocolate as the food of the gods.
By 1200 AD, the Aztecs were also of the belief that the cocoa tree was a godly plant. They thought that their god, Quetzalcoatl, had brought a stolen cocoa tree to earth from paradise. Both the Mayan and the Aztec people used cocoa to make a thick, cold, bitter drink which they believed to be extremely healthy. The Aztecs did not have sugar, so they used spices, hot chili peppers and corn meal to add flavour to their chocolate.
In 1942, when Columbus first travelled to America, he became the first European to see cocoa beans used as money and as the ingredient for a special drink. However, Columbus returned with so many wonderful gifts for the King a Queen of Spain that they ignored the few unimpressive looking cocoa beans he brought them. It was not until 1528, when another Spanish explorer, Hernando Contest, brought back cocoa beans from Mexico and showed people how to make chocolate, that the drink became popular in Spain. The Spaniards mixed the beans with sugar, vanilla, spices and cinnamon with deliciously sweet results.
For almost a century, Spain managed to keep chocolate a secret from the rest of Europe, but in 1643, Spanish princess Maria Theresa became engaged to Louis XIV of France and gave him a gift of chocolate. Soon the chocolate craze swept through Paris, the rest of France, and eventually took hold in England.
The first solid chocolate was developed in 1830 by a British chocolate maker J.S. Fry and Sons, and in 1875, Daniel Pettier from Switzerland produced the first milk chocolate. Today, millions of bars of chocolate are consumed every day all over the world, but there is still a sense of luxury about eating it.
The Mayans were the first people to ___.
The Aztecs believed that ___.
The Aztecs made a bitter chocolate drink because ___.
The first European to see how the chocolate drink was made was ___.
It took some time for chocolate to become popular in Spain because ___.
The Spanish did not share the secret of chocolate with other European countries ___.
J.S. Fry and Sons made the first ___.